Pre-treatment is a wise step in any reverse osmosis membrane, ion exchange or water softener system. Removing suspended solids with Orival filters before these processes enhances their performance and efficiency by preventing them from acting as solid separators clogging with particles before they can accomplish their intended function.

Ion Exchange (IEX) – IEX is the process of removing specific ions from water and replacing them with more desirable ions. The most common method is through the use of chemical resin beads formulated for specific ions.

Softener – Softeners are a specific type of ion exchange process with resin beads that remove hardness ions such as calcium, magnesium and some iron in exchange for sodium ions.